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First Aid: Nose Bleed

Most of the time, first aid for nose bleed can be given at home
Most of the time, first aid for nose bleed can be given at home Pic credits: Pexels

Most of the time, nose bleed is minor, so that you can manage it at home. The lining of the inner side of the nose has delicate blood vessels, which may sometimes rupture, thus resulting in bleeding. It usually stops in 15 – 20 minutes

Steps to stop a nose bleed at home.

  • Pinch firmly. With the help of the thumb and index finger, pinch the soft part of the nose just below the nose bridge firmly. Continue to hold it for about 15 minutes. Pinching puts pressure on the bleeding points and causes them to clot. Release the pinch after 15 minutes. If bleeding continues, you should pinch again for 10 – 15 minutes. You must breathe through the mouth during a nosebleed.
  • Sit down. Sitting down will keep the nose above the heart, which will reduce pressure in its blood vessels, and reduced pressure will help decrease further bleeding.
  • Do not lie down, and bleeding may increase in the lying position.
  • Lean forward. During nose bleeding, blood may either flow outward or inward towards the throat, and leaning forward will prevent blood from going inside the throat. You must breathe through the mouth.
  • Use an ice pack on your nose bridge. This will also help to stop bleeding.
  • Do not speak, swallow, sniff, or spit during a nosebleed. It will dislodge the clot, resulting in rebleeding.

When should you see a doctor for emergency help?

  1. The bleeding continues for more than half an hour.
  2. There is heavy bleeding and loss of blood.
  3. Nose bleeding occurs due to head injury, or the blood appears watery.
  4. There is frequent bleeding from the nose.
  5. You are taking blood-thinning medications.
  1. Australian First Aid, 2012, 4th Edition, St John Ambulance Australia.
  2. National Health Portal India
    First aid


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