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First aid: Cuts

Cuts are a part of everyday daily existence, particularly for youngsters. Typically, minor wounds will heal on their own as long as you clean them well. Deep cuts require medical help from your primary care physician or the crisis room. One should keep away from hazardous exercises and wear adequate attire to secure yourself and avoid cuts and scratches

A cut or wound is a break in the skin, which might be smooth or rough and superficial or deeper. Cut injuries frequently give off an impression of being on a surface level, yet may sometimes stretch out into the more deep tissue layers. A deep cut can influence ligaments, muscles, tendons, nerves, veins, or bones.

Signs and symptoms

The signs of a cut are:

  • Broken skin opening in your skin
  • Slight line opening in your skin
  • The top layer of skin is harmed or stripped off

Symptoms include:

  • Cut can cause bleeding.
  • The area near the cut can develop redness and
  • Cut can also cause pain and
  • There can be a pus collection in the affected area.
  • There can be a loss of sensation near the cut.

Analysis of a cut or scrape

Cuts and scratches won’t need detailed analysis and usually don’t warrant a hospital visit. They can mend on their own within due time. However, cuts might take longer to heal if you have a blood-related disease or are taking certain medications.

You should see a doctor soon if the injury is from an animal bite or human chomp.


A cut is typically the consequence of experience with a sharp item, such as a blade or disposable cutter. Objects with sharp edges, such as a bit of paper or a tiny cardboard box, can likewise cause cuts if not handled cautiously.

Experience with a grating surface, for example, sandpaper, unfinished wood, or cement, can cause a scratch. There are also wounds by animals, like by felines’ paws.

A cut can sometimes happen in the sea, and it might contain flotsam and jetsam( sea debris) that you can’t get out of the skin. In this case, consult a doctor immediately.

Risk Factor

Individuals are bound to get cuts if they are in a contentious circumstance or if they handle sharp items. Scratches are generally unintentional.

Kids are more prone to cuts and scratches than grown-ups because they are more dynamic and have less control over their developing bodies. As such, they are at a much higher risk of getting cut than adults. It’s advisable to watch your kids closely at all times lest they get cuts while playing.

First aid for cuts

Applying strain to the cut or scratch can stop the bleeding. Covering the injury with a wrap will keep it clean, and the direct utilization of antimicrobial salve will be considered. The gauze will likewise assimilate any blood that remains as the injury recuperates. Before applying the bandage, clean the wound with water, ethyl liquor, or hydrogen peroxide.

Stop Bleeding

  • Wash your hands properly. Else, germs from your hands may infect the wound.
  • If the wound is bleeding, apply direct and gentle pressure on the cut. You may use a clean cloth, tissue paper, or bandage. Continue until the bleeding stops.
  • It may happen that blood splashes through the material. Don’t discard it. Put more material or cloth on the head of it and apply more pressure.
  • If the injury is on the arm or leg, raise it over the heart.
  • Try not to apply a tourniquet except if the bleeding is extreme and not halted with direct pressure.

Clean Cut or Wound

  • Gently clean the cut with warm water, and you may keep it under running water. If soap is used to wash the area around the wound, rinse it to prevent irritation.
  • Don’t apply hydrogen peroxide or iodine, as they can irritate and harm the tissue and delay healing.

Protect from infection

  • Cover the wound. To keep it clean, put a bandage, gauze, or rolled gauze fixed in place with paper tape. Do not attach the tape too tightly. In case of a minor scrape or scratch, leave it uncovered.
  • Apply anti-infection cream to lessen the danger of contamination with the help of sterile gauze.

Change the Dressing 

Change the bandage/dressing at least once a day or if the bandage becomes dirty or wet.

Get a tetanus shot

If the wound is dirty or deep, you need a tetanus injection, provided you have not had one in the last five years.

Bandage(first aid cuts )
Pic credits: Pexels

When to seek medical help

The Doctor should be called immediately in any of the below cases

  • Uncontrollable bleeding
  • The wound is profound, or the edges are rugged or expanding open.
  • An individual’s face is injured.
  • The wound is soiled, and it is not possible to clean it.
  • There are indications of infection, like redness, swelling, and increasing pain in the injured area or if the individual has a fever.
  • The skin around the injury feels numb.
  • Pus formation around the injury.
  • The injury is a consequence of an animal or human bite.


Cuts are widespread injuries that can happen to anyone at any time, and they’re usually minor issues that can be mended on their own. However, professional help is required if the cut injury gets infected or is present on the head, neck, or essential part of the body. Consult a doctor immediately if the bleeding doesn’t stop, or that particular cut is due to a human or animal bite.

  1. NHS
    The Cuts and Grazes
  2. Millman M. Cuts, scrapes, and wounds. In: Mayo Clinic Guide to Self-Care. 6th ed.
  3. Pediatrics, American Academy of (2011). First Aid for Families. Jones & Bartlett. p. 39. ISBN 978-0763755522.
  4. Thomas, A.C.; Wysocki, A.B. (February 1990). “The healing wound: a comparison of three clinically useful methods of measurement.”


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